Simon I Museum. Patiño – Oruro

Simon I Museum. Patiño. Oruro, industrial and commercial city has among its historical monuments one of the most important mansions of the 20th century,…


Altitude 3700 masl


Simon I Museum. Patiño – Oruro

Personal file of Simón Iturri Patiño, unique value in the Bolivian mining history, It is located at the bottom of his Manor House. Confined to a small space, does not match the high value of the documentation that.

Oruro, industrial and commercial city has among its historical monuments one of the most important mansions of the 20th century, whose value is increasing significantly by the file owner left, the industrial magnate Simon I. Patiño, as testimony to the boom of its empire in the second decade of that century. In November of 2011, the career of history of the UMSA members conducted a study visit, whose views we share in this opportunity.

The Museum "Simon I. Patiño", It is located in the city of Oruro, in the street Soria Galvarro # 5755, among the streets of Ayacucho and Cochabamba, It depends on the House of the culture of the University technique of Oruro. It is one of the most representative examples of a residence of the mining of early 20th century elite. As its name points out it belonged to the Bolivian industrial, Simón Iturri Patiño and his family. One of the barons of pewter, He stressed in the mining industry achieving control of the world's reserves of Tin. Born in K'arasa, Cochabamba (1860), married Lady Oruro, Albina Rodríguez, with whom he had five children: René, Antenor, Graciela, Elena and Luzmila. This family lived in the residence until 1912, year in which emigrated to Germany.

Built between 1900 and 1903 by French architects, is ascribed to the neoclassical style of the time. It consists of two plants that have been entirely preserved. A beautiful staircase in the form of T, gives access to the first floor. Riddled with pictures imported from France and Germany, each of the rooms, they are incredibly preserved. The visits room boasts French furniture, curtains, carpets, spiders, wallpaper from the walls, all of surprising beauty and fine finishing. Interesting invoice is the Chair "confidet" (You and me), aimed at the intimate conversation of couples. The rooms boast beautiful paintings of the couple, made by the painter Abelino Nogales. The neo-classical style dining room, playroom for gentlemen and ladies sewing room, shows the prevailing patriarchal culture. The amazing music room, with an orqueston from Germany, two pianos, Victrola, cello, original drum disks of the time, Wall cabinets Luís XVI style, chairs bathed in gold leaf and a magnificent fireplace in ivory, point out us the excellent economic position of Patiño. A kitchen with a refrigerator, Perhaps the first who arrived in Bolivia. The baths, with fixtures, for male, women and children, which highlights the bidet from Mrs. Albina and the potty of Antenor. The private chapel and his oratorio, It shows the Catholic faith of the rulers. Pharmacy or pharmacy, essential to address children's health. The bedroom and the bedrooms, they are amazing, equipped with the finest in furniture and heaters to bulb to combat the glacial cold of that city. The only thing that we do not find in this Palace, they are books, It notes the dislike of the Tycoon into reading. The collection of photographs that adorn the House requires mention of separate, because it portrays the reality of Oruro as well as mine that belonged to the family. Thanks to your records, photographers such as Nemesio García, the Hnos. Valdez, TO. Sterling and Carlos Portillo, stand out as true artists and professionals, that has left invaluable legacy, in a testimony that shows the harsh reality of the time: pageantry for a handful of industrial, extreme poverty of its workers and desire for progress and improvement of its civilian population.

On the lower floor are preserved three Chariots of the family, each aimed at specific purposes: a modern for sightseeing tours, another for excursions in the rural areas and other more stocky and tough, for trips to other cities. In the backyard, the horse stable is located, whose blocks are home today (in absence of a more appropriate place) the administrative file of the Technical University of Oruro (¡…!). In the same site, two small rooms protect your file, a trove of documentary, that left the industrial before moving to Europe where never again returned to life, as already provecta age died when he tried to acclimatize to return to his cherished Cochabamba, where ordered to build a Palace.

Personal file of Simón Iturri Patiño, unique value in the Bolivian mining history, It is located at the bottom of his Manor House. Confined to a small space, does not match the high value of the documentation that. In it several doctoral thesis has already been made, which have created expectation in the academic world, to understand the genesis of capitalism in Bolivia. Despite your high value, the file is not rated at all, Although we must not detracting from the work done, already that its makers told us that the documentation was abandoned in a basement, in the midst of moisture and completely disordered. Thanks to the Spanish cooperation was achieved a first technical organization, in a part of the file.

Among its documentation highlights the Cochabamba-Rio Isiboro Sécure road project, carried out in 1912 by a German company. The study, in curious records contains information about dimensions, contour, tunnels, sewers, result of an uprising of the topography of the region. The perforated sheets of this peculiar record have an extension of 10 to 30 linear meters each, What is a display of civil engineering of the time and deserves be postulated to the memory of humanity.

Paradoxically, like today, This road project is unfortunately not materialized, It is said, by a childishness, already he mining magnate wanted to railroad takes its name, end that they opposed the cochabambinos. It is the same project of the road of the TIPNIS.

The Patiño mines glass plates negatives, the Bank and the Palacio Portales Cochabamba, they form a valuable collection. Copying books abound, made in paper silk, technological advancement of the reprography of the 19th century, which generated a first labor crisis to cause the dismissal of the copyists, useless to that wonderful invention. Finally, This file holds a small collection of newspapers, with titles such as the Republic of Santiago of Chile, The progress of Bolivia, The reason, The Union, The Times of London, also the time.

It is surprising that the mansion would have preserved as intact, Despite the political situation that determined its expropriation in 1952 and then the cruel liberal relocation of 1985, to be transferred to the Technical University of Oruro, upper House of studies in this Museum and its archive, a priceless treasure for the history of Oruro in particular and Bolivia in general. It is expected that University Administration to react positively and granted economic and human resources that both requires and turns to the height of the treasure that the historic chance has brought you to guard, work that today celebrates half, What is incomprehensible.

Written by: Fabiola Linares and Luis Ordoñez Oporto
Source: http://www.la-epoca.com.bo/



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