Tiquipaya – Cochabamba
Tiquipaya is located in Quillacollo province in Cochabamba Department. The city capital of the municipality (District IV) While is approximately 11 km of the city of Cochabamba the way to visit this city is by the Avenida Reducto found in the km9 from the Avenida Blanco Galindo northward and ecological avenue toward the West.
Tiquipaya, Third Municipal section of Quillacollo, It is located to the North West of the city of Cochabamba, between the 17 degrees, 20′ latitude South, 65 degrees, 74′ West longitude, with an approximate extension of 57,208 Has. 2.640 m.a.s.l.; with 22 ° C of temperature and 600 m.m. of precipitation rain.
The term Tiquipaya is of aymara origin, Don Rafael Peredo A historian. says in his “Test case of Quillacollo province”, 1960, Tiquipaya, comes from the aymara which means: "Confluence flat between two rivers". In the region, many keep the original designation of this language; and, in the mountains there are still communities that speak the aymara language, as mother tongue. Qheshua dominance over the aymara culture, It arrived in time of Inca Kapaj Yupanki, in this regard indicates the author: “The Inca Kapaj Yupanki, put an end to the civil war that the Kari and Sapalla” (chieftains Aymara), that is disputed the domain of extensive lands for grazing and cultivation). Noting the final jurisdiction of the chieftains in discord. He ordered a ditch to avoid new disputes, separating fields in litigation”. “The conclusion of the fight ended with boisterous festivities drawing a dividing line from the heights of Taquiña to the region of Caspichaca… that boundary which served to pacify Karis and Sapallas, is the limit of the fencing of Cochabamba and of the province Quillacollo, It passes by Linde in the jurisdiction of Tiquipaya”.
Since the creation of Quillacollo province in 1905, peeling or chipping of Tapacarí, Tiquipaya was a canton of the first section Quillacollo, until at 1957 (23 September), the law that decreed the creation of the third Municipal section of Quillacollo, establishing capital Tiquipaya.
The municipality comprises the ecological floors with distinctive microclimates of, Valleys, Puna, Yungas and subtropical areas whose potential is the production agricultural and livestock. Abundant archaeological evidence found in areas close to the mountain range of the Tunari. The historian José Macedonian Urquidi, in his famous work "Origins of the Noble Villa of Oropeza", speaks of the existence of artifacts of ceramics with motives ornamental ideographic or hieroglyphic, sample of the existence of cultures aymaras and quechuas, who were the settlers of this territory.
The micro-climate of the jurisdiction is variable due to the difference of heights. The annual average temperature is 14.5 ° C, with average monthly that vary of 10.4 ° C in the months of June to July, 16 ° c in November. The average annual rainfall is of 620 mm/year, about the 90% precipitation occurs in 6 months, from November to April.
Relative humidity average according to AASANA station is of 57% with a variation of 50% in October and 68% in February. There are also records of prevailing winds from East to West with a wind speed of 1.1 m/s (91 Km / day).
The dry season begins in May and ends in September: being the driest months, Mayo, June, July and August. The potential evapotraspiracion represents a 81.2% marked by rainy season that starts in November whose duration is recorded until the middle of March.
The territory of the municipality covers three floors agro-ecological:
To the North, header of tropics: located at one lower altitude of 2.700 m whose soils are part of thermal and Quaternary terraces fertile with a variety of tropical flora and fauna, they are lands suitable for agriculture and animal husbandry, that they are sparsely cultivated by lack of means of communication with the markets. It has a minimum temperature of 17 ° c and 30 ° c maximum, with an intense rainfall that reaches up to 1.200 mm/year.
Central zone, Puna: between dimensions 2.780 up to 4.600 m.a.s.l.. Storm and flood soils, from North to South it has an irregular relief, mountainous hills and successive basins with slope ranging between 30% and 60%, dry forests and thorny steppes of sparse vegetation. A climate that reached temperatures under 5 ° c in winter and up to 17 ° c in summer, It has a rainfall that fluctuates between 400 and 600 mm/year. In the area there are important reserves of water, the main are the lagoons Escalerani and Wara Wara which supply drinking water to the city of Cochabamba.
To the South, area of the valleys: It extends between the dimensions 2.250 and 2.750 m whose soils are part of Quaternary and tertiary basins near the mountains, It has a flora and fauna typical of the valleys, a minimum temperature of 2 ° c in winter and a maximum of 27 ° c in summer, with average pluvial precipitation of 600 mm/year, the area is crossed by several rivers of small causes that they lead in the Rocha River.
The plant cover of Tiquipaya, climatic characteristics and its height is it reflected in small low forests, in certain sectors of the enclave, canopy of 6-8 meters high, coverage is variable and is based on their degree of conservation. The area of creeks is fundamentally characterized by kewinas (Polypepis besseri), a species characteristic among some 2800 – 3500 m. altitude. The area of grasslands generally less coverage, less biomass and floristic diversity, Areas with enough permanent moisture in the soil there are so-called bofedales or Andean high vegas consisting of large juncaceas honeycombed compact, of which are presented as pure populations of a single species, According to the locations.
Date recorded 30 species of mammals, 163 bird species, two species of reptiles and two amphibian. According to the national service of Protected Areas (SERNAP), among the birds are four endemic species: Oreotrochilus Adela, Aglaeactis pamela, Asthenes heterura and warbling garlepi, which dwells almost exclusively of Polylepis woodland besseri subtusalbida and is in danger of extinction. Also inhabit the species Finch Finch, Saltator rufiventris, Oreomanes fraseri, Diglossa carbonaria, they are vulnerable, and Leptastenura yanacensis which has a high priority for research and conservation. In the area of the basin of Taquiña, It also notes the presence of Guinea Pigs (Shipton's mountain cavy), viscacha (Lagidium viscacia), field mouse (Rattus rattus), Fox (Canis culpaeus), Jack mount (Felis concolor), rats of the genus Ctenomys, frogs of the genus Pleurodema. Other mammals such as the hog-nosed Skunk (Conepatus chinga rex), the Guinea Pigs (Micorcavia cavy, Brazilian Guinea pig and Galea musteloides), lizards of the genus Liolaemus, insects of the orders: Formicidae, Hymenoptera, Odonata, Lepydoptera, Dyptera and Coleoptera. Bats of the genera: Bat and big-eared Brown and genus Bufo toads.
Recommended for adventure tourism sites are the lagoons of Escalerani and the lagoon Mayu. And among others is also a magical place the special mills by his visit in love. Among the most important activities is the festivity of San Miguel Arcángel the 24 October, and the trout fair the 14 September and the fair of the flowers the first week of September.
If you ask to your guide, Surely you will find new versions of this history that continues with its end open. Where is the ball now?
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