Santa Cruz

Municipal Zoo of Noel Kempff Mercado Fauna – Santa Cruz

Municipal Zoo of South American Fauna Noel Kempff Mercado – Santa Cruz

The Municipal Zoo of South American Fauna Noel Kempff Mercado is located in the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, It is the most important in the country and in South America, by the extensive biodiversity of native species, In addition, It is one of the main tourist attractions of the city.

Its founder was the Prof. Noel Kempff Mercado, who at the beginning of the Decade of the 60, He already had a career made as naturalist and creator of the Botanical Garden Hortus Amazonicus Tropicalis Boliviensis, located on the banks of Piraí River. As a result he conceived the idea of building a Zoo dedicated exclusively to the South American fauna. Should also be recalled that, at the same time as Municipal Director of parks and gardens, It was he who began the process of urban tree planting which has given the city a distinctive appearance.

At the entrance of the Zoo, can see a statue of the aforementioned naturalist, in which, his figure subject with his hands various animals,8 9 This sculpture was made in tribute to the great work carried out, for the conservation of the flora and fauna of South America.

In 1974 the Prof. Noel Kempff Mercado took a trip to Europe during which he had opportunity to see old and new zoos. Putting into practice its own initiative, with scarce municipal resources, but with broad support of civil society, He could finally inaugurate the Municipal Zoo Wildlife Sudamericana the 19 August of 1979, the initial collection consisted of approximately for a few 20 species and 150 individuals.

Due to the confiscation of the illegal trade in species and the destruction of their habitat by anthropic factors, the Zoo has been forced to house these animals, This situation has resulted in the collection with the passing of the years significantly increased to 190 species, counting with 30 species of reptiles, 121 species of birds and 40 species of mammals.

The State in order to regulate the activities with the wildlife in their natural environment and that is subject to semi-captivity and captivity have been enacted two ministerial resolutions the R.M. 049/00 of the 8 March of the 2000, that puts into force the regulation for the conservation and utilization of the lizard (Cayman, yacaré) and the R.M. 065/00 of the 17 March of the 2000 putting into effect the national regulation of zoos.

In the years 2001 until year 2003, is given a critical period for the Wildlife Zoo in South America, as a result of internal changes and the improper handling of the species, questioned the social and functional role of the Zoo in the city, pouring different opinions, Since its transfer outside the city to the more radical as the closure of the same.

As a result of these views, in the year 2004, the South American Wildlife Zoo asks the Zoological Foundation of Cali and the Latin American Association of zoos and aquariums (ALPZA) that evaluation diagnosed our institution.

The final report, indicates that the remarkable strengths of the Municipal Zoo Wildlife Sudamericana in addition to its strategic location in the terrain park and staff with experience of practical handling of animals, is the collection of fauna 99.9 % native. Apparent weaknesses are the lack of a plan of resources and high dependence on blockbuster, the absence of basic structure of service for visitors, the absence of both solid and liquid waste management plan the absence of constant training, professionals in other areas of knowledge and the existence of a Trade Union at the Zoo. Lack of technological equipment, kitchen and laboratory. Also referred to the non-existence of a General Management Plan.

Giving part corresponding to the diagnostic results, the technical team of the Zoo, taking actions for the realization of the functional Strategic Plan, detailing all the plans according to the areas of action in the same, our institution which is part, but, due to constant changes of a political nature in the technical and administrative staff, impedes the coordination and materialization of the functional five-year Strategic Plan for the Wildlife Zoo in South America.

In the year 2007, of the Zoo Aquarium opens with 60 most native fish species.


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