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Salar de Uyuni – Potosi

Recommendations

Knowing the entire environment is an unforgettable activity since it has unique landscapes, However found at high altitudes between 3600 up to 5000 height Mt, away from cities , with limited services and difficult paths, It is necessary to consider the following recommendations.

The kind of places they should take the following:
– Sunscreen
– Small cut tickets
– Sleeping bag
– Personal first aid kit
– Sunglasses
– Trouses long
– T-shirts long sleeves
– Warm clothes
– Gloves
– Flashlight
– Cream for lips
– Cream for hands and face
– Wool Hat
– Torque Cap Sun
– Scarf
– Hiking boots

Note.- Take care of your backpacks and always attentive to anything.

Altitude 4000 – 5000 masl
Temperature Min. -10 C – Max. 20 C

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Salar de Uyuni – Potosi – Bolivia

The salar de Uyuni is the largest continuous and high salt desert in the world, with a surface of 10 582 km² (o 4085 square miles).1 It is located within a 3650 msnm in Southwest Bolivia, Daniel Campos province, in the Department of Potosi, within the Altiplano of the Andes region. The salar de Uyuni is the largest reserve of lithium in the world with the 90 % World lithium, and it also has significant amounts of potassium, boron and magnesium.

The area that now occupies this desert was covered makes 40 000 years by the Lake Minchinnota 1 and later, ago 11 000 years, by the Lake Tauca or Tauka.nota 2 The salar de Coipasa and the Lakes Uru Uru and lake Poopó are also remains of these prehistoric Lakes. They reached an altitude of around of 100 m above the current level of the salar and covered the current salt flats of Uyuni and Coipasa, and the Lakes Uru Uru and lake Poopó. In this period a wet climate phase, with more rain than currently, It raised the level of the protolagos to approximately 100 m higher than the current level, then came a warm and dry period, that produced a big reduction of the surface and volume of the Andean Lakes, giving rise to salt flats and current gaps.

The salar de Uyuni, In addition to the above, It contains very important compounds for basic and industrial chemistry. In Bolivia, in the geological past, there were wider than the current extensive Lakes, known with the names of Ballivian, Minchin and Tauca. The first was a predecessor of Lake Titicaca; the second extended from Uyuni to the North and Lake Tauca evaporative gave rise to the salar de Uyuni.

The salar de Uyuni, How is estimated, contains 10 one billion tonnes of salt, of which 25 000 tons are extracted annually, also with 140 million tons of lithium, According to official data of the State Mining Corporation of Bolivia (COMIBOL), becoming the largest reserve worldwide of this mineral.5 a report by the United States Geological Service says the Salar de Uyuni is 6,5 million tons of lithium. All the miners working in the salar belong to Colchani's cooperative. Each November, the salar de Uyuni is also the place of three species of flamingoes: the Chilean, James and Andean. This is also significant tourist destination. Highlights that appear in the image, on the white background, They include a hotel built entirely of salt and several islands. As the terrain of the salar is so flat it serves as a transportation route through the Bolivian Highlands.

Because of its large size, the high percentage of smooth surface and high reflectivity; the cover of water covering it during a time of the year down, the surface of the salar de Uyuni works up to five times better for calibration of satellites that the use of the surface of the ocean. In September of 2002 a team took measurements of elevation with the Global Positioning System (GPS) detailed part of the salt flats, which were used to assess the accuracy and precision of the instruments of the ICESat.

There are approximately 11 layers of salt, with thicknesses ranging from less than one metre and ten metrosnota 3 . The crust which lies on the surface has a thickness of 10 meters. The depth of the salar is of 120 meters, which is composed of overlapping layers of brine and mud lake.

The salar de Uyuni is also one of the main destinations of Bolivia since visiting it approximately 60 000 tourists every year.

In November becomes the place of three species of flamingoes: the southern flamenco, the Andean Flamingo, and the girl parina.

Giant Cactus of up to 10 m in height are in the island's fish. This island is the largest of the set of islets situated in the middle of salar de Uyuni. It is also a tourist resort within the salar.

Mummies of 3000 years old were discovered in a cave on the edge of the salar.
On the shores of the Salt Lake are several hotels built with blocks of salt, feature which make them among the most extravagant hotels of the world.

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