Knowing the entire environment is an unforgettable activity since it has unique landscapes, However found at high altitudes between 3600 up to 5000 height Mt, away from cities , with limited services and difficult paths, It is necessary to consider the following recommendations.
The kind of places they should take the following:
– Small cut tickets
– Sleeping bag
– Personal first aid kit
– Trouses long
– T-shirts long sleeves
– Warm clothes
– Cream for lips
– Cream for hands and face
– Wool Hat
– Torque Cap Sun
– Hiking boots
Note.- Take care of your backpacks and always attentive to anything.
Altitude 4000 – 5000 masl
Temperature Min. -10 C – Max. 20 C
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Tahua – Potosi
Tahua is a town and municipality in the southwest of Bolivia, located in the province of Daniel fields, in the Department of Potosi. Located at approximately 200 km to the West of the departmental capital, the city of Potosi and 120 Uyuni km through the salt flat of the same name.
Inclined with little steep terrain, with soft sinuous ripples. By the side of the people, is an ephemeral River in sectors outside the population field is bumpy, Having Mountain ranges with steep sector Southeast slopes. Is located at 3,707 masl.
The altitude of the plateau has an impact on heavily on atmospheric conditions: the air is rarefied and diaphanous, irradiation and heat stroke are high; moisture, low and the diffusion of heat, reduced. Temperature, with exposure to the Sun, is high, While it is low in the shadow. The community features an arid and cold climate. The thermal regime is characterized by an average annual temperature of approximately 8.5 ° C, average of 18 ° C and average minimum of 1 ° C maximum. PRECIPITATIONS are scarce, with an average annual value of 191 mm, and they arise from the month of December to March, reaching the maximum values in January. Evapotranspiration is very high, There is a deficit of moisture throughout the year. Frosts occur at any time, but with greater incidence in the months of May to August.
The main economic activity is agriculture and the breeding of camels (flames). As secondary activity dealing with tourism, There are some simple hostels. Many families have migrated, leaving their homes unoccupied. Is it possible that some of these families, improve living conditions and opportunities for occupation, return.
The quality of housing in Tahua is regular. Most of its homes are built of adobe and have a distribution of environments with regular functionality, having a patio in the central part. The bathroom and kitchen are usually outside the Home module. Materials of construction in order of frequency of use are: Foundations and plinth are stone and mud, with a low percentage den cyclopean concrete and masonry in dry. Adobe and/or brick walls. Calamine roofs, clay and straw. Interior plaster with plaster and clay. Exterior plaster with mud and lime/cement. There is paints interior and exterior in few cases. Cement and earth floors.
The main tourist attractions of the town and surrounding area are:
Chantani Museum: The Museum is divided into two sectors, one dedicated to the exhibition of ancient and more recent dishes materials, utensils for the kitchen and everyday life, clothing, tools for working the land, kitchens old and more recent times. A second area where armed in stone and exposed outdoor animal figures are displayed. The site is presented as an inanimate Zoo, ideal site for children.
Tahua Church: Church located on the banks of the Salar. It is interesting because of its location and its large square. The Tahua church maintains its original style, Church of the Colonial era. In the years 90 has been rebuilt the campanal following the original style, He is currently in good condition.
Mummies of Coqueza: The mummies of Coqueza are located in a grotto featuring an authentic aspect of the human fossils and other objects that are exposed as archaeological heritage (tableware, everyday utensils). On the climb to the lookout and Observatory species of flora typical of the area have been, scrublands, sit.
Viewpoint and Astronomical Observatory of Tunupa volcano: The area where are located the viewpoint and the Astronomical Observatory is on the slopes of the volcano, offering a look at the Salt Lake and its islands, and on the other hand towards the peaks of cerro. The Observatory is activated at night, It is an activity that Coqueza community has supplemented to the tour. During the ascent the volcano Tunupa are various ecological floors that species of flora are characterized by tholares, grasses and cacti that they are located between the 3600 and 4700 masl. Species of fauna are identified species of birds including condors and Eagles to the 4700 and 5000 masl.. The viewpoint and the Observatory allow articulate the path that climbs to the Tunupa volcano, offering the possibility of making photographs, rides suitable for all ages, rest and picnic areas. The Observatory can see through a telescope, the constellations and stars. The ascent to the Tunupa volcano, It offers the possibility of observing the salt from their heights, their natural environment and the different ecological floors.
Nayra Pukara and caverns of Fiorella: Nayra Pukara presents a set of pukaras and remains of human fossils and tableware belonging to ancient civilizations, culture of Atacama and Tiawanacota (There is no more specific information). Thanks to the location and the altitude, You can enjoy the view of the Salar, and its islands.
Inca Trail: The Inca Trail crosses the hills, from the Tahua community to the community of Chillguilla, allowing you to walk among the hills, that it is characterized by its flora, in particular Cactus species and view of the Salar. The path name is due to the Inca remains that can be seen, remnants of stands and walls built with stones that mark the trail are visible along the path. The most characteristic local flora species are cacti.
Pukara Marka: It is a fortified residential site, belonging to the civilization of the Killacas that señoreó between the years 1200 -1450 stán. C. It has abundant stone structures of ovoid or circular plants that served as silos or tanks of different types of food. Height of the location of the Pukara, You can enjoy the view towards the volcano Tunupa and its islands. Cacti species characterizing the hills of Pukara have been recorded as flora in the area.
Chiquini cave: The Chiquini cave is a cave with interesting geomorphic formations (There are no Speleological studies). The internal space is limited and for its delicate formations.
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